Scientific Literature

Electromagnetic fields in neonatal incubators: the reasons for an alert

Bellieni CV, Nardi V, Buonocore G, Di Fabio S, Pinto I, Verrotti A. Electromagnetic fields in neonatal incubators: the reasons for an alert. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2017 Oct 8:1-11. doi: 10.1080/14767058.2017.1390559.

BACKGROUND: Neonatal incubators are important tools for sick newborns in the first few days of life. Nevertheless, their electric engine, often very close to the newborn’s body, emits electromagnetic fields (EMF) to which newborns are exposed. Aim of this paper is to review the available literature on EMF exposure in incubators, and the effects of such exposures on newborns that have been investigated.

Modern incubators meet the reference levels specified in Council Recommendation 1999/519/EC, according to ICNIRP 98 guidelines, but those values are developed on adult human models, while newborns have much smaller dimensions and higher electric conductivity (39), thus, a precautionary principle should be used. This principle is already used for adults’ EMF exposure.

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