Researchers looking at sperm cells, nerve cells and in vivo rodent studies have found that radio frequency microwave radiation (RF EMR) from wireless devices can alter DNA, promote cancer growth and act as a co-carcinogen. Lerchi in 2015 found an increase in liver tumors, lung tumors and lymphomas in mice at low to moderate exposure at (0.04 and 0.4 W/kg SAR), and well below exposure limits for the users of mobile phones. The 10 year $25 million United States National Toxicology Program (NTP) study of 2016 looking at cell phone radiation and cancer confirmed other epidemiological studies showing an elevation of schwannomas and gliomas in radio frequency EMR exposed mice at non-thermal levels. NTP Study Full Report Feb 2, 2018 This was in addition to an increase in lymphoma and cancer of other organs with whole body exposure to this non-ionizing radiation which passes through the body. See also NTP Information 2018.
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC)
The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) listed radio frequency radiation from cell phones and wireless devices as a Class 2B Possible Carcinogen in 2011. Many researchers currently believe that this type of non-ionizing radiation that we are increasing and unknowingly exposed to should be classified as a Class 2A or probable carcinogen or even a class 1 or known carcinogen.
Dr. Annie Sasco, former IARC Unit Chief and Emeritus Director of Research and Epidemiology on Cancer Prevention, discusses her reasoning for elevating the IARC classification at a symposium in 2017 sponsored by Environmental Health Trust.
Some physicians believe this should be classified as a Class 1 or Known Carcinogen.
Dr. Anthony Miller, Professor Emeritus at the University of Toronto Dali Lama School of Public Health, adviser to the World Health Organization and expert on ionizing and non-ionizing radiation feels the listing to be upgraded to a Class 1 Known Carcinogen. Dr. Anthony Miller on IARC Classification of RF EMR
Bioinitiative Report Update Supports IARC Classification of RF as Group 1 Carcinogen
Dr. Lennart Hardell and Michael Carlberg have reanalyzed the epidemiological studies on brain tumors and RF EMR from cell phone radiation and also feels it should be a Group 1 Known Carcinogen. His analysis is found in Section 11 of the BioInitiative Report .
Published Literature on Cancer and Radiofrequency Radiation
Below is published scientific literature on cancer and wireless radio frequency electromagnetic radiation (RF EMR) from cell towers and other wireless devices, as well as co-carcinogenic effects. This list does not include brain cancer studies or DNA or RNA damage from RF EMR exposure. These other studies can be found on our website at:
For Brain Cancer Studies visit PST Cell Phones and Brain Cancer. For DNA and RNA Researchvisit PST DNA and RNA effects of RF EMR. For Sperm and Ovarian Studies you can visit Reproductive Health Effects. For Mechanisms of Action Research you can visit the PST website at Cellular Mechanisms EMR: Calcium Channels and Cellular Mechanisms Oxidation
Reviews on Cancer and RF EMR
1) Non-ionizing radiation, part 2: radio frequency electromagnetic fields. WHO IARC. Volume 102. 2011. https://monographs.iarc.fr/ENG/Monographs/vol102/mono102.pdf
Published Articles on Cancer and RF EMR
- Report of Partial findings from the National Toxicology Program Carcinogenesis Studies of Cell Phone Radiofrequency Radiation in Hsd: Sprague Dawley® SD rats (Whole Body Exposure). (2016) BioRxiv. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. http://biorxiv.org/content/early/2016/05/26/055699
- Some Effects of Weak Magnetic Fields on Biological Systems: RF fields can change radical concentrations and cancer cell growth rates. (2016) IEEE Power Electronics Magazine. Volume 3. Issue 1. 2016. http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/7425396/?arnumber=7425396
- Tumor promotion by exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields below exposure limits for humans. (2015) Lerchi et al. Biochem Biophys Res Commun.2015 Apr 17;459(4):585-90. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25749340 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0006291X15003988
- Membrane potential modulates plasma membrane phospholipid dynamics and K-Ras signaling. (2015) Zhou,Y et al. Science August 21, 2015. 2015 Aug 21;349(6250):873-6. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=Membrane+potential+modulates+plasma+membrane+phospholipid+dynamics+and+K-Ras+signaling
- Multifocal Breast Cancer in Young Women with Prolonged Contact between Their Breasts and Their Cellular Phones. (2013) West JG1, Kapoor NS, Liao SY, Chen JW, Bailey L, Nagourney RA. Case Rep Med. 2013;2013:354682 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24151509
- Cellular neoplastic transformation induced by 916 MHz microwave radiation.(2012) Yang L Cell Mol Neurobiol. 2012 Aug;32(6):1039-46. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22395787
- Carcinogenicity of radiofrequency electromagnetic fields. (2011) Baan R et al. Lancet Oncol. 2011;12(7):624-6. http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanonc/article/PIIS1470-2045(11)70147-4/fulltext
- Long Term Exposure to Microwave Radiation Provokes Cancer Growth: Evidences from Radars and Mobile Communication Systems. (2011) Yakymenko I . Experimental Oncology. March 2011. http://exp-oncology.com.ua/article/1845/long-term-exposure-to-microwave-radiation-provokes-cancer-growth-evidences-from-radars-and-mobile-communication-systems
- International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). IARC Classifies Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Fields as Possibly Carcinogenic to Humans. May 2011. See Reviews on Cancer above for studies. http://www.iarc.fr/en/media-centre/pr/2011/pdfs/pr208_E.pdf
- Indication of cocarcinogenic potential of chronic UMTS-modulated radiofrequency exposure in an ethylnitrosourea mouse model. (2010) Tillmann T. Int J Radiat Biol. 2010 Jul;86(7):529-41. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20545575
- Microwaves from UMTS/GSM mobile phones induce long-lasting inhibition of 53BP1/gamma-H2AX DNA repair foci in human lymphocytes. (2009) Belyaev IY et al. 2009 Feb;30(2):129-41. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18839414
- Pathophysiology of cell phone radiation: oxidative stress and carcinogenesis with focus on the male reproductive system. (2009) Desai NR, Kesari KK, Agarwal A. Reproduct Biol Endocrinol. 7:114. doi: 10.1186/1477-7827-7-114. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2776019/
- A new electromagnetic exposure metric: high frequency voltage transients associated with increased cancer incidence in teachers in a California school. (2008) Milham S1, Morgan LL.. Am J Ind Med. 2008 Aug;51(8):579-86. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18512243
- Cell type specific redox status is responsible for diverse electromagnetic field effects. (2007) Simkó M. Curr Med Chem. 2007;14:1141–52. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17456027
- Use of cellular or cordless telephones and the risk for non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma.(2005) Hardell L. Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 2005 Sep;78(8):625-32. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16001209
- The Influence of Being Physically Near to a Cell Phone Transmission Mast on the Incidence of Cancer. (2004) Egger H et al. January 2004. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/241473738_The_Influence_of_Being_Physically_Near_to_a_Cell_Phone_Transmission_Mast_on_the_Incidence_of_Cancer
- Increased Incidence of Cancer Near a Cell Phone Transmitter Station. (2004) Wolf and Wolf. Kaplan Medical Center, Israel. http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.527.1036&rep=rep1&type=pdf
- Non-thermal activation of the hsp27/p38MAPK stress pathway by mobile phone radiation in human endothelial cells: molecular mechanism for cancer- and blood-brain barrier-related effects. (2002) Leszczynski D. Differentiation. 2002 May;70(2-3):120-9. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=12076339
- Cancer in radar technicians exposed to radiofrequency/microwave radiation: sentinel episodes. (2000) Richter E. Int J Occup Environ Health. 2000 Jul-Sep;6(3):187-93. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10926722
- Electromagnetic Fields, Pulsed Radiofrequency Radiation, and Epigenetics: How Wireless Technologies May Affect Childhood Development. Sage C. Child Dev. 2017 May 15https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28504324
- Tumor promotion by exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields below exposure limits for humans. Lerchl A. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2015 Apr 17;459(4):585-90. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25749340
- Cellular neoplastic transformation induced by 916 MHz microwave radiation. Yang L1. Cell Mol Neurobiol. 2012 Aug;32(6):1039-46. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22395787
- Combined Toxic Exposures and Human Health: Biomarkers of Exposure and Effect.(2011) Sillons,I. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2011 Mar; 8(3): 629–647 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3083662/
- Indication of co-carcinogenic potential of chronic UMTS-modulated radiofrequency exposure in an ethylnitrosourea mouse model. Tillmann T. Int J Radiat Biol. 2010 Jul;86(7):529-41. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20545575
Related Articles Oxidation/Antioxidants
Free Radicals, Antioxidants in Disease and Health. Lien Ai Pham-Huy et al.. Int J Biomed Sci. 2008 Jun; 4(2): 89–96. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3614697/