The Federal Communications Commission is seeking comments on expanding non-ionizing radiofrequency radiation (RF) human exposure safety limits for new wireless telecommunications equipment that will emit RF frequencies above 6 Gigahertz (GHz), that do not penetrate the body beyond the skin. The new due date to submit comments has been extended from May 6 to June 17, 2020. This FCC Press Release to extend the deadline to June 17, 2020 for Comments on Human Exposure to EMF was filed May 15, 2020. The FCC public notice notes “We anticipate that interested parties will be able to use this time to develop complete, fully supported comments and reply comments, and acknowledge that parties can make ex parte presentations to introduce supplemental materials once the notice-and-reply comment cycle has closed.”
The FCC Proposed Rule will apply to frequencies from 6GHz to 300GHz to 3 TetraHertz (THz) for use in new commercial high frequency wireless technologies including 5G, 6G and beyond. In addition, comments are requested regarding several issues around wireless power transfer devices such as device time averaging. They also include requests for comments through the Initial Regulatory Flexibility Analysis (IRFA) on human and environmental impacts via NEPA.
Key Points Regarding Expanding FCC Guidelines to Higher Frequencies
Researchers and physicians are concerned that the new proposed FCC guidelines are flawed in their assumptions of safety for the following reasons:
- New guidelines for higher frequencies will still only consider heat effects, not adverse biological effects demonstrated at non-thermal levels far below current safety guidelines, including reproductive, neurologic, immunologic and carcinogenic effects
- The limits have been raised from 1,000 μW/cm2 for a 30 minute exposure to 4,000 μW/cm2 with unlimited exposure
- There are no special considerations for pregnant women, children, the elderly, those with chronic illness or those who are electrosensitive
- New guidelines do not consider known mechanisms of harm from non-ionizing radiation such as oxidation, calcium channel effects, resonance effects, radical pair mechanism (alteration of the spin sate of free radical)
- There are scientific concerns with regards to injury to the skin and eyes with regards to higher frequencies. There is also evidence that metabolic dysregulation can occur through skin signaling
- There is a recognized absence of independent safety testing in higher Gigahertz and Tetrahertz frequency radiation
- Studies are typically performed on one frequency, not the mix of frequencies we will be exposed to, in addition to other toxic stressors
- Averaging radiation makes it appear that levels and exposure are very low, however, peak levels of radiation as well as modulation (pulsation) are known to be more harmful to biological and cellular processes
- Environmental concerns have been dismissed for the same reasons stated above
Requested submissions can be statements, letters and/or peer reviewed scientific research articles which document evidence of biological effects from non ionizing electromagnetic radiation. It is best to include not only the title, publication, author and link of the article but also the full article or at least the abstract. If you do include lists you may state, “Lists are hereby incorporated as reference”.
Comments Are Now Due June 17, 2020
The Office of Engineering and Technology has extended the deadline for comments to June 17, 2020. Contact Martin.Doczkat@fcc.gov for questions. https://www.fcc.gov/document/oet-extends-deadlines-rf-exposure-safety-standards-nprm
Proposed Rule FCC 19-226 Human Exposure to Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Fields
The full report of the Proposed Rule of FCC 19-226 Human Exposure to Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Fields is here https://www.govinfo.gov/content/pkg/FR-2020-04-06/pdf/2020-06966.pdf
How to Comment on FCC Proceedings
To Register comments for Human Exposure to Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Fields, Docket No. 19–226, go to https://www.fcc.gov/ecfs/filings
- Fill out first tab –PROCEEDINGS– insert the docket number only- 19-226(it will refer to “Targeted changes to the Commission’s rules regarding Human Exposure to Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Fields\
- Fill in the next box NAME OF FILERwith your name and click enteror it will erase the name
- Fill in PRIMARY CONTACT EMAILContact Email if you want to receive email confirmation
- Fill in TYPE OF FILING– drop down menu- click on COMMENT
- Fill in required fields of the ADDRESS
- At the bottom you can drag or place documents, Powerpoint presentations, PDF’s, etc in the box that says “Upload Documents”
- Once this is done you will see the uploaded files and there will be a box to the right for description. You can put “comments”, “letter” or if you have a list of research only you can state “Links hereby incorporated by reference”
- Click on the small box that says Email Confirmationif you wish to receive an email.
- Click on Continue to Review Screen and check the information. You can go back to correct if needed.
- Click on the SUBMIT button at the bottom to complete the comment filing when you are done
- Copy the CONFIRMATION NUMBERat the top of the screen so you can check and make sure it was submitted.
NOTE: The information you submit is not private and will be shared on the website.
NOTE: The FCC will upload comments in 1 to 2 days
To check to make sure your comments were filed go to the same page, https://www.fcc.gov/ecfs/filings and at the top press CHECK FILING STATUS and enter your confirmation number
To look at all the filings for this docket go to the same page ,https://www.fcc.gov/ecfs/filings , and press FILINGS AND PROCEEDINGS SEARCH, then enter the docket number 19-226 ( or other docket number you may be interested in)
PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES
To request materials in accessible formats for people with disabilities (braille, large print, electronic files, audio format), send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org call the Consumer & Governmental Affairs Bureau at 202–418–0530 (voice), 202– 418–0432 (tty
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Martin Doczkat, email: martin.doczkat@ fcc.gov of the Office of Engineering and Technology Electromagnetic Compatibility Division; the Commission’s RF Safety Program, email@example.com; or call the Office of Engineering and Technology at (202) 418–2470.
Human Exposure to Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Fields. Federal Communications CommissionFederal Register Vol 85, Proposed Rules April 6, 2020. Docket No. 19–226. https://www.govinfo.gov/content/pkg/FR-2020-04-06/pdf/2020-06966.pdf
Excerpts from FCC Document 19-226
“Although the radio spectrum is managed up to 3,000 GHz (3 THz), the Commission’s exposure limits are currently specified only up to 100 GHz. The Commission is unaware of any reason the limits should be different above 100 GHz. As frequency increases up to 3,000 GHz (3 THz), body penetration is reduced and ultimately approaches zero. Accordingly, there is no reason to expect that thermal effects will effectively change at the increasingly higher frequencies. Accordingly, the Commission proposes to extend the same constant exposure limits that presently apply from 6 GHz to 100 GHz up to an upper frequency of 3,000 GHz (3 THz), which is considered to be the upper bound of existing radiofrequency bands.”
Proposed Limit of 4mW/cm2from 6GHz to 3THz.
“Because portable devices are being developed for operation at higher frequencies for future 5G services, the Commission proposes a localized exposure limit above 6 GHz of 4 mW/cm2 averaged over 1 cm2 for the general population, applicable up to the upper frequency boundary of 3 THz… The Commission notes that both the ICNIRP guidelines and the IEEE standards specify a spatial maximum power density of 20 times the whole-body MPE limit (e.g., between 3 and 10 GHz), generally averaged over 1 cm2…The Commission proposes a localized exposure limit above 6 GHz for occupational settings of 20 mW/cm2 averaged over 1 cm2, which is consistent with the typical ratio of 5:1 for the occupational limits relative to the general population limits. The Commission tentatively concludes not to adopt an extremity limit at this time…”
“Based on planar models, this standard suggests that a power density of 4 mW/cm2 just above 6 GHz is consistent with the Commission’s 1-gram SAR limit of 1.6 W/kg at 6 GHz. Also, the thermal perception threshold at frequencies approaching 100 GHz for large areas of exposure is indicated at about 4 mW/ cm2. Maintaining 4 mW/cm2 across the entire frequency range of 6 GHz to 3 THz will avoid any potential discontinuity between SAR and power density limits at 6 GHz, while also preventing the possibility of perception of warmth at higher millimeter-wave frequencies.”
“The Commission seeks comment on the range and type of parameters that should be considered to apply the proposed time-averaging principles.”
“With respect to the appropriate time-averaging period, the Commission notes two references for specifying time- averaging limits: (1) The ICNIRP standard that provides for averaging over 6 minutes at 10 GHz, and reduces to 10 seconds at 300 GHz on a complex basis; and (2) the IEEE standard that provides for an averaging time of 25 minutes at 6 GHz, dropping to 10 seconds at 300 GHz. However, since the Commission does not limit temporal- peak SAR or power density, all of the energy available in a time-averaging period could be deposited in an instant, resulting in a well-defined temperature rise, yet still be compliant with the rules. Thus, using the extended time- averaging periods of 6 or 30 minutes as set forth in the Commission’s rules in other contexts, or either of the alternative time windows specified by ICNIRP and IEEE, could allow for inappropriate temperature rises in extreme cases when intense exposure occurs for only a brief period.”
Wireless Power Transfer Devices
“Finally, the Commission seeks input on the following issues: Under what category of spectrum use should the Commission consider wireless power transfer.”
“The Commission seeks comment on a suitable definition and operating parameters for wireless power transfer devices that provide charging of receiving units located at a distance from the power transfer unit (i.e., 50 cm or greater), with future developments intended at distances suitable for room- size operation, and while the RU is in motion.”
“On specifying the conditions and methods for averaging the RF exposure, in both time and area, during evaluation for compliance with the RF exposure limits in the rules; on addressing new RF exposure issues raised by wireless power transfer (WPT) devices; and on the definition of a WPT device.”
Initial Regulatory Flexibility Analysis (IRFA)
“As required by the Regulatory Flexibility Act of 1980 (RFA), the Commission prepared an Initial Regulatory Flexibility Analysis (IRFA) of the possible significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities by the policies and rules proposed in the Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM). The Commission requests written public comment on the IRFA, which is contained in Appendix C to the NPRM. Comments must be identified as responses to the IRFA and must be filed by the deadline for comments provided in this NPRM.”
“In the IRFA, the Commission noted that the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA) requires agencies of the Federal Government to evaluate the effects of their actions on the quality of the human environment. To meet its responsibilities under NEPA, the Commission has adopted requirements for evaluating the environmental impact of its actions. One of several environmental factors addressed by these requirements is human exposure to radiofrequency (RF) energy emitted by FCC-regulated transmitters, facilities, and devices.”
- The NPRM proposes to amend Parts 1, 2, and 18 of its rules relating to the compliance of FCC-regulated transmitters, facilities, and devices with the guidelines for human exposure to radiofrequency (RF) energy. Specifically, the Commission is proposing to make certain revisions in its rules that it believes will result in more efficient, practical and consistent application of its RF exposure compliance procedures. The NPRM seeks to develop a record that will enable the Commission to meet the challenges presented by evolving technological advances not resolved in the previous RF exposure proceedings.
FCC: Another Captured Agency
The FCC has long been a “captured agency”, as detailed by Norm Alster in his Harvard Ethics paper of the same name. He states the FCC is “essentially controlled by the industries they are supposed to regulate .” (9) He notes that the National Cable and Telecommunications Association (NCTA) and the Cellular Telecommunications Industry Association (CTIA) are among Washington’s top lobbying spender. In all, CTIA, Verizon, AT&T, T-Mobile USA, and Sprint spent roughly $45 million lobbying in 2013 with an annual spending bill of about $800 million for the communications and electronics sector in 2013-2014. According to Alster’s report, a former executive with CTIA boasted that CTIA meets with FCC officials about “500 times a year.”
Norm Alster notes, ” Over the years the FCC has granted the wireless industry pretty much what it has wanted….More broadly , the FCC has again and again echoed the lobbying points of major technology interests. ” With unchecked industry influence there has been consolidation of cable and cellular telecommunications corporations. Simultaneously public safety, public health, privacy, security and consumer affordability have been overlooked. The revolving doors of industry executives fill the top spots at the FCC to help grease the political wheels. Well documented facts and figures back up his writing.
Captured Agency How the Federal Communications Commission is Dominated by the Industries it Presumably Regulates , by Norm Alster Harvard University Journalism Fellow in Edmond J Safra Center for Ethics
BOT Artificial Intelligence Overpowers Public Comment and Democracy
Civic engagement is the foundation of a democratic government “of the people, by the people and for the people”, as Lincoln stated in the Gettysburg Address, to honor soldiers who sacrificed their lives for this country. Most people do not write letters to express their opinion about a government issue. You may have heard that one letter sent to a public official is like 20, 000 similar opinion letters that were never sent. It may not be that high, or it could be higher, but letters indicate that person cares about a particular issue, knows about the issue and may be affected by it. Officials consider letters to be important in serving their constituents.
FCC: Got BOTs to Stop Net Neutrality?
What happens when public comment is allowed to be from both humans and autonomous software bots, programed and introduced into computer systems by hackers to provide focused messages that are often difficult to identify as fake? This happens around the world now in various forms but the FCC had millions of spambots showing up on its comments section on Net Neutrality in 2017. Firms hired by industry, Broadband for America, created bot comments to support the repeal of net neutrality and then submitted these using fake and stolen identities, even those of deceased voters. An article in Hackernoon described how the bots were discovered using natural language processing techniques. Their research revealed at least 1.2 million fake spambots that looked like individual grassroots submissions, however, they estimate that about 99% of the 22 million comments came from fake AI messages. These comments were not removed and allowed a shift in the outcome of their decision.
Jinyan Zhang, a researcher at Harvard’s Data Privacy Lab, wrote a eye opening article, The Real Threat of Fake Voices in a Time of Crisis, in Tech Crunch, describing bot interference in democracy. He cites a 2019 study in Tech Science that tested the vulnerability of a different government agency, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services. The researchers inserted over 1,000 deepfake comments into the website as public comment, then removed them. They then asked human subjects to discern if the AI bot generated comments were real or fake, and found that they could not tell them apart. The researchers conclude, “Federal public comment websites currently are unable to detect Deepfake Text once submitted, but technological reforms (e.g., CAPTCHAs) can be implemented to help prevent massive numbers of submissions by bots”.
Covid and Deregualtion
Zang ends with this, “While COVID-19 has disrupted many parts of American society, it hasn’t stopped federal agencies under the Trump administration from continuing to propose new deregulatory rules that can have long-lasting legacies that will be felt long after the current pandemic has ended. For example, on March 18, 2020, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) proposed new rules about limiting which research studies can be used to support EPA regulations, which have received over 610,000 comments as of April 6, 2020. On April 2, 2020, the Department of Education proposed new rules for permanently relaxing regulations for online education and distance learning.”
FCC Reopens Net Neutrality Docket after Court Hearing
On a somewhat positive note, a DC court ruled in 2020 that the FCC needed allow for more public input into the Net Neutrality ruling and reconsider 3 issues. An article in Public Knowledge notes these are “the effect of broadband deregulation on access to utility poles by competitive ISPs; its effect on the Lifeline program, which makes broadband more affordable to low-income individuals; and the effect of deregulation on public safety (e.g., fire departments who count on mobile broadband”. Public comments were reopened on February 19, 2020.
- Inaccurate official assessment of radiofrequency safety by the Advisory Group on Non-ionising Radiation. Sarah Starkey. Reviews on Environmental Health . Nov 30, 2016. https://www.degruyter.com/view/j/reveh.2016.31.issue-4/reveh-2016-0060/reveh-2016-0060.xml?lang=en
- Part I: Why We Need Stronger Cell Phone Radiation Regulations–Key Testimony Submitted to the FCC. May 6, 2020. https://www.saferemr.com/2014/08/part-i-why-we-need-stronger-cell-phone.html
- Dr. Lennart Hardell Letter to Swiss Confederation about ICNIRP, Roosli and Reevaluation of radiofrequency and 5G. Jan 2, 2020 – Highlights scientific flaws in ICNIRP assessment. Lettter Hardell -re: Roosli to Mrs. SommarugaSwiss Confederation Reevalaution of safety Standards, ICNIRP 5G -BERENIS_UVEK_January 2, 2020
- [Comment] Appeals that matter or not on a moratorium on the deployment of the fifth generation, 5G, for microwave radiation.Hardell and Nyberg. Molecular and Clinical Oncology. January 22, 2020. https://www.spandidos-publications.com/10.3892/mco.2020.1984
- ICNIRP Issues Revised RF Guidelines. Microwave News. March 11, 2020. https://microwavenews.com/short-takes-archive/icnirp-rf-guidelines-2020
- FCC Proposes No Change to Its RF Standards.Existing Rules Will Apply to 5G Phones and Infrastructure. Microwave News. August 8, 2019. https://microwavenews.com/short-takes-archive/fcc-rf-limits
- Physicians for Safe Technology Letter to Anna Eshoo regarding reevaluation of RF safety standards. Oct 1, 2019. https://mdsafetech.files.wordpress.com/2019/10/eshoo-pst-letter-in-respone-to-fda-shuren-letter-on-rf-safety-standards-4-101119-correctedpdf-1.pdf
- Review of Published Literature between 2008 and 2018 of Relevance to Radiofrequency Radiation and Cancer. FDA. February 2020.
- Conflicts of Interest and Misleading Statements in Official Reports about the Health Consequences of Radiofrequency Radiation and Some New Measurements of Exposure Levels. (2019) Susan Pockett. Magnetochemistry 2019, 5(2), 31. May 5, 2019. https://www.mdpi.com/2312-7481/5/2/31/htm
- The inconvenient truth about cancer and mobile phones: We dismiss claims about mobiles being bad for our health – but is that because studies showing a link to cancer have been cast into doubt by the industry? July 14, 2018. The Guardian. Mark Hertsgaard and Mark Dowie. https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2018/jul/14/mobile-phones-cancer-inconvenient-truths
- How Big Wireless Made Us Think That Cell Phones Are Safe: A Special Investigation. The disinformation campaign—and massive radiation increase—behind the 5G rollout. By Mark Hertsgaard and Mark Dowie. March 29, 2018. The Nation. How Big Wireless made Us think Wireless Was Safe
- CHAIRMAN PAI PROPOSES TO MAINTAIN CURRENT RADIOFREQUENCY EXPOSURE SAFETY STANDARDS. August 8, 2019. https://docs.fcc.gov/public/attachments/DOC-358968A1.pdf
- The Real Threat of Fake Voices in a Time of Crisis. Deepfake Text is a Real Threat to Democracy. May 16, 2020. Jinyan Zang. Tech Crunch. https://techcrunch.com/2020/05/16/the-real-threat-of-fake-voices-in-a-time-of-crisis/
- Deepfake Bot Submissions to Federal Public Comment Websites Cannot Be Distinguished from Human Submissions. Max Weiss. Jots Technology Science. 12-18-2019. https://techscience.org/a/2019121801/
- FCC Resolution of Notice of Inquiry RF Emission Exposure Limits. Nov 27, 2019. https://docs.fcc.gov/public/attachments/FCC-19-126A1.pdf
- Human Exposure to Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Fields; Correction. https://www.federalregister.gov/documents/2020/04/15/2020-07866/human-exposure-to-radiofrequency-electromagnetic-fields-correction
- To file a Comment to FCC – https://www.fcc.gov/ecfs/filings as above
- To look at Comments to FCC for this docket https://www.fcc.gov/ecfs/filings and click on Search in upper right corner. Put in Docket 19-226